Holi Celebration In India  यहाँ ऐसे होली मनाई जाती है
Holi Celebration In India takes place with utter joy. Holi is one of the most vibrant and colorful festival of India. The happiness of this festival is boundless.The festival is celebrated in all parts of India. The festival is so much fun and joyous that the word ‘Holi’ is enough to bring smile on everyone’s face and arise a feeling of enthusiasm and joy amongst the people. It welcomes the spring season, a season of life, hope and happiness. Thus, it is referred to as the “festival of spring”, “festival of joy” or “festival of colors”.
Saga Of Holi : Holi Celebration In India.
Holi is one of the most celebrated and oldest festivals of India. The Hindu mythology has associated many interesting stories with the festival Holi’s origin as we move across the different states of India, from north to south and west to east. The origin of holi is depicted by several portrayals and scriptures. The Hindu Mythology plays a very significant role in portraying the holy festival of Holi. Their are many stories relating to the birth of the festival Holi. The most popular among them are that of Holika Dahan and ‘Tale Of Radha Krishna’
Festivity of Holi in India
Holi is poular in north India as “Basant Utsav”. It is one of the oldest festivals of India and is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy. People celebrate this festival with gulal, abeer and pichkaris. People even plan to color their near and dear ones. Everyone wants to be the first in coloring their beloved. In this subsequent battle of applying colors and getting coloured, everybody is drenched not only in different colors but also in love and happiness. People throw colored water on each other . They offer sweets especially ‘gujiyas’ to anyone who comes to color them.
The beauty of this festival is also seen in the temples, which are graciously decorated at the time of Holi. The figure of Radha is placed on swings and devotees swing the idol of Radha and sing devotional Holi songs. In many schools, small plays are enacted to describe the soul of this festival.
Holi Celebration In Different Parts Of India
Holi in the capital of India, Delhi
Holi celebrations in Delhi start with a ‘Tilak’. It is a traditional mark of color on a person’s forehead. It is a symbol of confidence, and pride. Some thinks it as a good luck. People greet each other with sweets and garlands of flowers. Delhiites celebrate Holi with the loud music . Delhi is supposed to have a musical Holi.
There are various huge parties organised for people to celebrant Holi in the most rocking manner.
Food is synonymous with happiness. Some of the popular Delhi Holi Foods include:-
⦁ Thandai: It is a tempting Holi drink, and is in great demand during Holi. It is a cold drink, as the name suggests, but it not like other cold drinks like Pepsi and Coca Cola, but is a special drink prepared with pure water, sugar, almonds, etc. It is an intoxicating drink and tastes heavenly. People are exhilarated after consuming it.
⦁ Gujiya: It is a sweet dumpling with the filling of khoya and dry fruits. Whenever we think about Holi, this is a must. It is a deep fried, delicious delicacy.
⦁ Laddoo: A Holi without Holi Laddoo cannot be accepted. It is a popular Indian sweet especially during festivals like Holi, Diwali, etc.
As Delhi is the home to different religions, customs and traditions , it is also a host of foods which belong to various parts of India. Holi and Delhi can never be separated. People forget all their pains and sorrows and get engrossed in the fun and frolic of Holi celebrations .
Delhi, being the capital of India, celebrates it in the most fun and the enthusiasting way. It is an amalgamation of different cultures and traditions.People usually move out in groups to apply colors on each other’s faces. Holi marks his highest peak inn the residential colonies as people do not go out beyond their neighbourhood usually. Parties, feasts and music flourish the whole of Delhi.People greet each other by hugging them and applying tilak on their forehead. Even enemies become friends on this day.
On the day before, people light up bonfires or Holika to signify the victory of good over evil. Cultural events and lots of fun, dance and music mark the day.
Holi in Goa
The people of Goa are no less than the rest of the states of India when it comes to Holi celebrations. This festival is mainly referred to as Shigmo in Goa. It is celebrated enthusiastically by the people following all religious traditions. As typically anticipated from the Goans, this festival is celebrated with fanfare. Various performances on the beats of the drum and the skits based on mythology are conducted. There is an abundant use of bright and vivid colours of gulal and neel. Also, various performances of troups in the form of parades and cultural programmes highlight a grand event known as Shigmotsav. In the evening, large statues are taken in the procession and the prizes are given.
A parade is also organised by The Panaji Shigmotsav Samiti in Panaji, the capital of Goa. Apart from this, various temples in Goa organize Holi celebrations in a special manner. The celebrations at Panaji , Marmagao, Vasco Da Gama are mainly worth seeing.
Holi is celebrated with great enthusiasm in the state of Goa. Tourists visiting Goa must see the celebration whereby people are drenched in various colours. The festival is celebrated by the local people and the tourists with the same happiness and joy.
Holi is celebrated in Goa after the full moon day, in the month of March. It signifies the change in the weather whereby the barren lands are converted into lush green lands. It also symbolises the peaceful co-existence of man with nature.
Goans celebrate Holi in a traditional way. The youngsters add a modern touch to the old and traditional customs. The children mainly enjoy this festival by throwing colours and coloured water on each other.
On the eve, the full moon night, bonfires are lit by the people with dried leaves, wood and cowdung cakes. This is known as ‘burning of Holika’. It signifies the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. The Holi celebrations of Goa has been amazing always.Irrespective of age, caste and religion, people go out to play and celebrate Holi. They apply various colours on the faces of their family, friends and relatives. They sing and dance to their fullest. The teenagers are mainly engaged in throwing water on each other and dancing on popular songs.
The children mainly play Holi by throwing water balloons and water on each other with water guns known as pichkaris. Dry washable colours and dyes are also used by some people. Goa Holi celebrations starts in the morning and end up late in the afternoon when people get tired after enjoying and playing Holi to their fullest.
Goa is occupied by primarily Christians. But still Holi is a very popular festival of the state. You can witness a splendid unity of Goans and foreigners enjoying this colourful festival of Holi.
A celebration without music is meaningless. Thus, various people play music with dholaks, drums, flutes, guitars, etc. Many live DJ and musical band performances are also held. The fun is increased with the organisation of grand parades , especially in the cities of Colva and Panaji.
On the Rangwali Holi day. Holi feasts are held wherein many sweets, beverages and fried foods are served along with the special traditional drink known as ‘Thandai’ or ‘Bhang’. People organise various Holi parties in their building premises, residential areas and beach resorts. So, if you ever visit Goa at the time of Holi, don’t miss the coolest party held there and have fun with your near and dear ones.
Holi in Assam
Holi is known as ‘Phagwah’ or ‘the festival of colours’ in Assam. Holi lasts for 3-5 days for the people residing in here. Although all the local regions of Assam celebrate Holi in the same way, Barpeta district of Assam celebrates it in an entirely unique and grand manner. Many people from Assam and other parts of India travel to Barpeta to witness the grand Doul Utsav.
It is believed that Mathura Das Bura Ata was the first man who celebrated Doul Utsav in Barpeta. Since then, this utsav is being celebrated in the same traditional way by the followers of Lord Krishna in Barpeta. People forget all their sorrows and pains during this utsav and sing various songs and rhymes.
Besides, Lord Krishna is worshipped by the priests of Barpeta and other parts of Assam during Holi celebrations in Assam. The figure of Lord Krishna is placed at the place of worship for many days following the celebration.
⦁ Traditionally, Doul is celebrated for 3-5 days .The 3 day Doul is called “BurhaDoul”. It is held in the month of “Chotpurnima”(full moon).
⦁ 4 day Doul is called “DekaDoul” which is held in the month of “PhagunPurnima”.
⦁ A custom known as mejipuoa signifies that the winter is ready to go out.
⦁ The occassion is divided in two parts. The first day comprises burning clay huts by people to signify the legend of Holika. The second part comprises playing with colors, water, flowers and music.
⦁ The joy and happiness is doubled by paying tributes to God, Lord Krishna and Radha. People sing various songs and offer their prayers to them.
⦁ The first day of Holi celebration in Barpeta in Assam is known as “Gandha” or “BanhUtsava”. The second day is known as “Bhardoul” and the third day is known as “Phakua” or “Suweri”.
Holi in West Bengal
The apex of this state is the celebration of ‘Basant Utsav’. The Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore at Shantiniketan (the University he founded) initiated the tradition. ‘Basant Utsav’ means ‘Spring Festival’, when people welcome spring with joy, not just with colors but with songs, dance, prayers in the peaceful atmosphere of Shantiniketan.
Holi is known as ‘Dol Jatra’, ‘Dol Purnima’ or the ‘Swing Festival’.
On the Dol Purnima day, the students get up early in the morning, dress up in saffron colored clothes and adorn themselves with garlands of fragrant flowers. They sing and dance in the company of musical instruments which presents spellbinding view to the viewers and a remembrance to admire for years. The festival is celebrated in a dignified way by placing the figures of Radha Krishna on a graciously decorated palanquin which is then taken round the main streets of the city. The followers swing the idol and the women sing and dance around the swing. During this, men spray colour, colored water, and abeer at them.
The head of the family prays to Lord Krishna and Agnidev and observes fast. After all the rituals are over, he splashes the Krishna’s idol with gulal and offers “bhog” to Krishna and Agnidev.
Holi in Barsana
Barsana is referred to as the birthplace of Radha. Thus, it is obvious that Holi is celebrated in a very unique manner. Nandgaon is referred to as the land of Krishna. Men from Nandgaon come to play Holi with the girls of Barsana in order to raise their flag over Shri Radhikaji’s temple. But, they are welcomed with sticks by the women instead of colors. Hence, the Holi is referred to as Lathmaar Holi here.
In order to protect themselves, men come fully padded as they are aware of the women awaiting them with lathis. Also, they are not allowed to reciprocate on that day.Men try their best not to be captured but some, unfortunately are led away forcefully with a good thrashing from women. Subsequently, they are made to wear a women attire and dance in public. Everything is done in the spirit of Holi and not to defame anybody.
The next day is the turn of Barsana men. They invade Nandgaon and drown the women in colours of kesudo(a naturally occuring orange-red dye) and palash. Today, the women of Nandgaon beat the invaders from Barsana . The site is very colorful.The government has set aside a large open ground, for the tourists to witness the most graceful display of the festival.
The Holi celebrations continue for the week on different days. The celebrations are very colorful and full of fun.
Holi in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh
The Bhil Tribes of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh celebrate this festival in a special manner. It is fascinating to observe that many of their pre-Hindu traditions are retained by them. They worship the goddess one day before and light a bonfire. The people bring kesudo and mango flowers and grains which signify new life. Youngsters look forward to the festival as they form connections for marriages on Holi. Thus, it is obvious for them to depict high level of joy and enthusiasm on Holi.
Holi in Bihar
Holi is celebrated with exactly the same excitement and charm in Bihar as in rest of north India. Here too, The tale of Holika prevails. People light bonfires on the eve of Phalgun Poornima. They put dung cakes, wood and grains from the fresh harvest and unwanted wood leaves in the bonfire. People also clean their houses for the day.
People assemble near the fire at the time of Holika. The eldest member or a purohit lights the bonfire. He then put colors on others as a symbol of greeting. Next day , the festival is celebrated with many colours and lots of fun and frolic.
It is an extremely delightful festival for the children and the youth. At some places, people enjoy playing Holi with mud. People sing folk songs at a high pitch and dance to the tune of dholak.
People also consume intoxicating bhang and a variety of mouth watering sweets, pakoras and thandai to beautify the mood of the festival.
Holi in Haryana
Holi get a new name called ‘Dhulandi Holi’ in the state of Haryana. There is endless fun and frolic whereby people apply colours on each other and embrace each other. Even enemies become friends and the feelings of hatred transform into the feelings of love and unity in the people’s hearts and minds.
On this day, devars need to watch out, for their bhabhi’s get a social permission to beat their devars and to take revenge for all the pranks played on them. Bhabhi’s run after their devars to beat them – all in the spirit of Holi. Devars bring sweets for their bhabhis in the evening.
The tradition of breaking the pot of buttermilk is popular here as in various states. A human pyramid is formed for breaking the pot of buttermilk which is tied up high from the rope. This is similar to the act of Lord Krishna of stealing the buttermilk which he did as a child. It is much fun to watch this as women pour the buckets of water over men, who try to break the pot by forming human pyramids.
Holi in Chhattisgarh
The people of Chhattisgarh celebrate Holi in a very different manner. They collect all the items for the puja that is to happen on the first day of the Holi. The items comprises Chhattisgarhi Jada(a small tree) which is made to stand in the middle as the Karma Dar. A number of dry wooden branches of other trees and leaves of rice covers this tree. This looks like a hut. The puja is conducted around this hut, usually in the evening when people gather around this place.
⦁ On the first day, this puja is performed for Holika by a Baiga. The Baiga cuts the Chhatisgarhi Jada from the middle with an axe as soon as the top of dry grass burns off. This Jada tree is important, all the people in puja tries to grab the piece of it as soon as it is cut by the Baiga. People believe that this piece keeps away the illness and diseases from homes. People celebrate by burning the hut, singing songs and dancing arounding it. It lasts for about 2-3 hours. At the end, people throw dry grass on the burnt area.
⦁ On the second day, the children and youngsters are all set with gulal, flower petals, pichkaris, water balloons and sweets. They apply colors on each other’s faces and drench others in water. Everyone forgets their pain, sorrows and fights and hug each other. The sweetness of Holi is doubled with various mouth watering sweets such as Gujiyas, rasgullas ,etc.
Holi in Gujarat
The people of Gujarat celebrate this festival with high spirits, especially the youth. The boys and girls of the state move in processions called ‘tolis’ to express their energy and enthusiasm. Boys, drenched in the coloured water, joyfully warn people that they should take care of their pots full of butter and milk. They do so to imitate Lord Krishna who was famous for stealing butter and milk from any house in the village.
The tradition of breaking the pot full of buttermilk tied high on a rope is very famous in the state. A human pyramid is formed by the participation of hundreds of people for the purpose of reaching the pot and breaking it. The title of ‘Holi king’ is crowned to the person for the year who actually breaks the pot. Various people come to witness this event. They, in order to disturb the balance of the human pyramid and to have fun, keep throwing buckets of water on the pyramid.
People bring fire from the temple of Mata and light up a bonfire decorated with flowers and fruits with it. People apply tilak on each other’s forehead and hug each other . Then, images of goddess Gauri are created by the virgins out of the ash left by the bonfire.
The next day called Dhuleti, is the one wherein people play with colours enjoying and having fun.
Holi in Himachal Pradesh
The people of Himachal Pradesh celebrate Holi in the same way as rest of the people of North India. Bonfires are lit called Holika which is symbol of victory of good over evil.
People are full of enthusiasm in playing with colours. The children buy pichkaris or water guns to throw coloured water on the people- all in a spirit of Holi.
The fascinating fact about Holi here is the gathering of people in thousands at the holy shrine of Ponta Sahib located in the Sirmour district . It is regarded as holy and people highly believe in it. Thus, they choose this festival to seek blessings of God.
‘Kullu Holi’ is special here in which people mix snow with colours and play ‘Ice-Holi’. The Slang Pass, which witnesses the heaviest snowfall in the country, also witnesses the main celebrations of Holi.
Holi In Andhra Pradesh
A thing which is prominent in Andhra Pradesh is the communal harmony and unity, even though the Holi celebrations in South India are not as great as in north India. Here also, people are filled with fun, frolic and merry making. Apart from this, in the evening, people play with dry colors and seek the blessings and wishes of their elders by applying color on their feet.
The Banjara tribes also celebrate Holi in their own way by performing very graceful and colorful dances.
Holi in Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir is located in the northernmost part of India witnessing extreme cold weather conditions in the initial months of year accompanied by snowfall. Like the rest of India, Jammu and Kashmir celebrated Holi with great joy and enthusiasm. It is one of the important festivals of the state. It is beautified with the lush green mountains and valleys during this time.
People come to Jammu and Kashmir to witness the beauty of the state and this festival. The tourists share the same love and joy for Holi as the local people of the state. The state shows the true natural beauty of the festival wherein people from different cultures and religions come together to celebrate Holi in unity. Holi is not directly associated with the people of J&K but they have the same joy in their hearts like the other regions. Holi is celebrated in the same way as in rest India. On the first day, they burn Holika ‘HolikaDahan’ and splash colors and water on each other on the second day. The excitement is seen in both the children and adults a week before. The market is flooded with water guns ‘pichkaris’, colorful balloons and other toys.
On the first day, during evening hours, a bonfire is lit of wood and dry leaves. There is no holiday on this day. But the second day if an official holiday. After ‘HolikaDahan’ people put dry colors on each other and greet each other by hugging them. This symbolises forgetting every dispute and recreating love and happiness among people. The foreigners who come from the other parts of India and the world indulge themselves in the festivities too. People splash colors on each other’s faces and dance to their fullest. The centre of attraction is the children. The celebration ends in the late afternoon when people go home and have delicious meals. This is how Holi brings happiness and love in the state of J&K.
Holi in Jharkhand
Jharkhand meaning “bush land” is occupied with 68% of the Hindus. As it is home to many Hindus, Holi, a festival of Hinduism, is celebrated with utmost zeal and fervour. Holi is celebrated with all the traditions and customs which can stir the soul of anyone. The Holi festivities here presents a blend of opulence and antiquity and thus, it is celebrated with joy and enthusiasm. It reprents the amalgamation and robust cultural heritage of India. Holi is one of the most loved festivals among the 40 festivals celebrated by the state.
As per the English calendar, Holi falls in the phalgun month of the year,in the month of march.This festival of colors is celebrated with utmost charm and delight. The legend of Holika is believed here as well. The burning Holika is believed to burn with it all the past sins and negativity. People greet each other with love and harmony. The attraction here about Holi is playing Holi with mud along with colours. The festival is celebrated in a grand manner showcasing the energizing and happy pageant of colours especially in Dhanbad.
The people keep the festival alive by engaging themselves in various celebrations related to it. One can see much fun and frolic of Holi in Jharkhand. grand celebration is observed by drowning the people and the streets in the amazing spirit of Holi. People from all the various parts of the state come together in the jovial mood to celebrate this festival, irrespective of religion, caste, colour or creed.
People can find various shades of colours from the nearby shop corners. They are available in both liquid and solid form. Only herbal powder extracts are used and thus they don’t have any side effects on the skin. Water balloons are also thrown upon each other to increase the fun and excitement. People wear white colour clothes to clearly show the colours they are drenched in.
If you want to witness the fun and frolic with which the people of Jharkhand celebrate Holi, the best you can do is visit the state during this spring festival celebration.
Holi in Karnataka
Holi is one of the most celebrated festivals of India wherein people forget their pains and sorrows by drenching each other in colors and water, eating delecious delicacies, singing and dancing on Holi songs. It is not only liked by the people of India but also by people from various parts of the world. Thus, they visit India to witness this grand festival. It welcomes spring season, a season of love and happiness. Holi, although a festival of Hindus, has become popular among the non-Hindus in diggerent parts of South Asia.
In some places, Holi is celebrated with more delight and joy than the other. Karnataka is one among them. People know this festival not by the name of Holi but by ‘Kaamana Habba’.
In the phalgun month, on the full moon day, the male members, during th day time, steal cow dung and logs from the neighbour’s houses. The girls help their mothers to make Holige, which is offered in Agnikund to Kamadeva. The boys in the evening have fun dancing around the bonfire in the evening, which is lit with the stolen goods. People sing various songs and have fun.
There is a story behind celebrating ‘Kaamana Habba’ related to the God of lust Kamadeva. It is believed that the greatest hurdle in the path of spirituality is Kaama.
Once, the entire devlok got frightened as Lord Shiva was on Samadhi. They thought that this will make them lose their power and make Lord Shiva the most powerful. So, to stop him from being in that state, they sent Manmatha and Rathi to interrupt him with her sensual songs and dance. This infuriated Lord Shiva. He opened his third eye and Manmatha was burnt to ashes. This proved to people that they can get away with their desires by self consciousness. Scriptures say, that upon the request of Manmatha’s wife Rathi to restore the body of her husband, Lord Shiva granted Rathi the power to see her husband. Since then, Manmatha was visible only to her wife, Rathi. It is believed that Manmatha, God of Kaama, exists even today but he is not visible to our eyes. Thus, on this day, we must burn away the negative feelings of Kaama in the holy bonfire of knowledge.
Holi in Kerala
Holi is not celebrated in Southern India with same joy and enthusiasm as in Northern part of India. But still, there are a few communities which celebrate this festival of colors with distinct names and traditions. Kerala which lies in the southern part of our country, witnesses people from few communities who celebrate this festival . Holi is known as ‘ Manjal Kuli’ and it is celebrated in Gosripuram Thiruma’s Konkani temple.
The festivale is celebrated by mainly youngsters and in some places. Some communities which are famous to celebrate Holi include Gaud Sarawat Brahmins and Konkani communities. This festival is celebrated inj around 20 temples in four days by the Kudumbi community. They are actually people from Goa, who fled to Kerala, upon persecution from Portuguese, and thus brought with them this colorful festival. The community and their festival was welcomed happily by the ruler of Cochin.
In few temples, an arecanaut tree is cut and is thereafter sent to shrine, symbolizing victory of Goddess Durga over demons. In some other temples, a crocodile is made using mud, thanking Goddess for her help in migrating the people from Goa to Kerala. On the next day, the Kudumbi community play using colours and water mixed with turmeric. They also sing and dance along.
Besides, these communities, some people from northern part of India celebrate this festival with utmost joy and fervour. But, Holi is not celebrated much by the the actual local inhabitants.
I hope you like my article on Holi Celebration In India 😃
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